IATA: Zimbabwe close to clearing US$100m debts to airlines

Zimbabwe Emirates
Emirates on its maiden flight to Zimbabwe in 2012. The airline was one of many owed by Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is close to paying off the US$100 million that it owes international airlines, a debt that had threatened air travel into the county.

The country has now paid 90% of what it owes in unremitted ticket sales, according to Kamil Al-Awadhi, Vice President for Africa and the Middle East for the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which represents over 300 international airlines. The country has committed to a payment plan that covered monthly additions and the backlog. 

“They have done beautifully. I commend the Zimbabwe government for doing so well. They were receptive from day one, showing us their numbers, came up with payment plan and paid 90% as soon as they had the cash,” airline journal Air Insight quoted Al-Awadhi as saying.

Zimbabwe’s foreign currency crisis made it difficult for international airlines to repatriate their earnings in local ticket sales. This was when locals could pay for international flight tickets in local currency, with airlines having to queue at the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe for foreign currency.

In 2019, when the debt stood at US$196 million, Alexandre du Juniac, director-general of IATA, met President Emmerson Mnangagwa in Harare and told him that Zimbabwe’s trade and tourism were at risk over the debt. Zimbabwe committed in 2018 to pay at least US$4 million per month to clear the debt.

South African Airways said in April that it had US$87.9 million worth of ticket sale earnings stuck in Zimbabwe. An audit report said the amount had been impaired in full in the 2019 financial year as it was doubtful that the funds would be collectable.

Nigeria is IATA’s largest defaulter. In August, with Nigeria owing over US$465 million to airlines, Emirates threatened to pull out of that country over a US$85 million debt.

Emirates threatened to suspend services to the country by September 1 if its funds amounting to $85 million at the time, were not released. IATA says airlines are owed US$835 million. Among the major defaulters are Algeria (US$96 million), Eritrea (US$79 million), and Ethiopia (US$75 million).   

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